Injury prevention and management

Something for your newsletter Avoid skateboarding injuries  

Avoid skateboarding injuries

Everyone, especially young people, believes that they are invincible. They need to be made aware of the long term effects of an injury: especially repetitive trauma to the same joint or tissue; or inadequate injury management. The long term effects of injury need to be placed before them. Osteoarthritis may result from an injury sustained many years prior to the initial onset of pain.


In many people there is no clear cause of Osteoarthritis (OA). Research shows there are some things that may put you at more risk of developing OA in certain joints, such as:


  • knees: being overweight, having a previous knee injury, poor biomechanics, jobs involving repetitive kneeling, climbing and squatting
  • hips: being overweight, having a previous hip injury, jobs involving lifting heavy loads (including farming)
  • hands: overuse injuries

Many students will fall into one of the risk categories. Engaging in activities that help them to protect their joints and bones is time well spent.


The basic principle of injury prevention and management

First, do no HARM – the acronym for not making an injury worse!


Any injury can be made worse by doing them HARM  - especially during the 48 hours after it has occurred.


HEAT                (including saunas and spas) increases bleeding and swelling (through blood vessel   

ALCOHOL        increases bleeding and swelling (as it is a vasodilator).

RUNNING        or exercising too soon may hinder the healing process, not allowing the injury to heal.

MASSAGE       or enthusiastic stretching increases bleeding and delays healing. 


Key factors to avoid injury 

  • Adhere to the rules
  • Proper coaching to develop skills
  • Be mentally and physically prepared
  • Warm-up before and after exercise may reduce the likelihood of injury to muscles and ligaments. There is very little evidence supporting stretching: it is a personal thing. See this article for different countries’ beliefs about stretching.
  • Be fit and aerobically conditioned. A large number of muscle/tendon injuries occur when players are tired or unfit.
  • Ensure you have the appropriate fitness program or technique for a particular exercise or sport. Poor technique can lead to injuries, especially in the more active or contact sports.
  • Consider age. As the body ages our muscles become less flexible. As a result, muscle and tendon tears, and problems with joints and the spine become more common.
  • Equipment: ensure that correct protective and supportive equipment is available and used.
  • Environmental factors such as bumpy, hard and uneven surfaces often cause injuries, particularly to the ankle.
  • Further problems include:
            • Equipment left lying around the training area or in the change rooms causing players to trip and fall.
            • Spectators being too close to the sidelines. This interference can cause injuries if players fall into them or are forced to avoid them.
            • Training in hot/humid conditions. This climate can cause dehydration.
            • Team and opposition team members who do not adhere to the rules.
            • Only return to activity and competition when the injury is healed. Returning too early may not allow full recovery, so re-injury is highly likely.

Remember the following guidelines

  • Learn basic First Aid for the different kinds of injuries related to your activities.
  • Correct management of an injury can significantly reduce recovery time.
  • The first 48 hours are vital in the effective management of any injury.
  • The body has the ability to heal itself provided it is given the opportunity to do so. This means it is important not to return to the activity until an injury has healed satisfactorily.
  • Medical attention may be required.

Teachers! Look after yourselves.Alice's arm

teacher_running  Insist on having a good step ladder in the office or classroom. Always use it.
teacher_running  Use a trolley for transporting large or heavy items
teacher_running  Wear shoes with non-slip soles
teacher_running  Ask for assistance when moving furniture or ask for a removalist to assist
teacher_running  Be a model of safety as an example for your students
 teacher_running Drive home safely


Graphic Overviews 2014 (These will be updated as Australian Curriculum learning areas are approved).

Year 3 Injury management graphic organise on A3Year 5 Injury management graphic organiser on A3Year 6 Injury management graphic organiser on A3Year 7 Injury management graphic organiser on A3 

The activities below drill the vocabulary that are contained in the Revision Sheets injury prevention and management section. Students Revision Sheets

Years 5-6 Injury Find-a-Word 4 directions Years 5-6 Injury Find-a-Word 8 directions Years 5-6 Injury Find-a-Word 2 directions Years 7-8 Injury Circle find-a-word puzzle Years 7-8 Injury Circle find-a-word puzzle Years 7-8 Injury Circle find-a-word puzzle Years 5-6 Injury Find-a-Word 8 directions Years 5-6 Injury Find-a-Word 4 directions Years 5-6 Injury Find-a-Word 2 directions Years 7-8 Revision Sheet 2 Injury Word Match Years 7-8 Injury Circle find-a-word puzzle

Year 9

Year 9 Joints Toia worksheetdocx




Australian Curriculum

The Australian Curriculum has spurred the development of these resources. Resources that have explicit links to the Australian Curriculum are available through Education Research Solution’s Curriculum OrganiserThis is a subscription service through which various organisations have a licence that enables them to offer the resources free to teachers. In Western Australia, the State School Teachers’ Union of Western Australia has the exclusive licence. There are graphic organisers for Years F-7 which link ideas to the Australian Curriculum codes, together with programs and lessons on selected topics.